Detoxification or Detox is indicated when an individual has a physical or tissue addiction to a drug. This can only occur with certain drugs. The most commonly seen drugs that can cause physical addiction and require detox are opiates, benzodiazepines and barbiturates, and alcohol. Other individual drugs sometimes seen in Detox centers are GHB, Soma and Baclofen. This not an exhaustive list, but represent the most common drugs seen. The following list shows some examples of drugs in each category.
· Opiates – used to control pain, are sometimes called narcotics and can include heroin, morphine, codeine, oxycodone, methadone and hydrocodone etc.
· Benzodiazepines – are commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and include Xanax, Ativan and Valium.
· Barbiturates – are used to sedate and anesthetize. They are also sometimes used as anticonnnvulsants or occasionally to treat anxiety. Some examples of these drugs are: Phenobarbital and Secobarbital.
· Alcohol – Any consumable ethyl alcohol commonly cold. This includes beer and wine as well as distilled liquor such as whiskey, rum, gin etc.
The length of time needed to detox can depend on the drug, the amount used, the length of time used and individual metabolism. Withdrawal is not without risk and shouldn’t be attempted in most cases without medically managed detox. For additional questions or information contact a local drug treatment center of an addictions counselor.